Organometallic perovskite metasurfaces

B. Gholipour, G. Adamo, D. Cortecchia, H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, M. D. Birowosuto, N. I. Zheludev, C. Soci  Advanced Materials,  issue 9 (2017)

Research Interests

Current interests lie in the area of reconfigurable planar and fibre-integrated nanophotonic devices using novel engineered materials namely, phase change, plasmonic, epsilon-near-zero and topological insulators as well as multimaterial fibers including soft glass and metal cored fibers for emerging  telecommunication, sensing, data storage, energy, solid state display and neuromorphic optics applications.

Growth of complex semiconductors for metamaterials, plasmonics

and epsilon-near-zero photonics


Materials Discovery for Nanoscale Optics

This project investigates how advanced materials atomically engineered to have designer optical properties can be used to create new (or enhance existing) functionalities for various optoelectronic and nanophotonic applications. A high throughput combinatorial approach is taken using UHV wedge-based physical vapour deposition techniques. This allows rapid screening and mapping of various material properties for an entire compositional space of a binary or ternary alloy. Identified materials are then used to enable a host of revolutionary new devices in a single nanostructured film. In particular, my research concentrate on the chalcogenide family of materials due to their rich palette of optical properties. For example they can be extremely high- or low-refractive index media; with properties that can be switched by light, electric or magnetic signals; and can be ‘topological insulators’ with intriguing electromagnetic surface states.

Adv. Mater. 29(9), 1604268 (2017)

Nanoscale, 6, 12792-12797 (2014) 

Opt. Express 26 (16), 20861-20867 (2018)

High throughput techniques enables synthesis of films composed of almost any combination of elements 

Reconfigurable metasurfaces


Reconfigurable planar and fibre-integrated 

From their emergence as a paradigm for engineering new passive electromagnetic properties such as negative refractive index or perfect absorption, metamaterial concepts have extended rapidly to include a wealth of dynamic - switchable, tunable, reconfigurable, and nonlinear optical functionalities, typically through the hybridization of plasmonic (noble metal) metamaterials/surfaces with active media. Our area of interest: Phase-change materials have featured prominently in this evolution and offer a uniquely flexible platform for the realization of a range of non-volatile, optoelectronically reconfigurable metasurfaces with applications ranging from signal modulation, routing, dispersion control and optical memory to solid-state displays.

Adv. Mater. 25, 3050-3054 (2013)

Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 143105 (2010)

Nature Photon. 10, 60-65 (2016)

Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 051103 (2016)

Adv. Opt. Mater. 19 (2018)

Optically reconfigurable devices

fibreized metadevices.jpg

Fibre-integrated Metadevices

Multimaterial Optical fibres


Plasmonic metal cored fibre

Multimaterial optical fibres

Optical fibers provide a mature mass-manufacturable technology that has given rise to complex networks of interconnected computing nodes transferring information around the planet. My research in this area involves various activities: novel fabrication techniques enabling multi-material nano-composite embedded fibers, metal cored plasmonic fibres, all-optical fibre based devices for in-line information processing, and the exploration of novel networks and devices for all-optical neuromorphic computing.

Nature: Scientific Reports 6, 35409 1-8 (2016)

Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 635-641 (2015)

CLEO: Science and Innovations (2016)

Neuromorphic optics and optical transistors


Neuromorphic optics and optical transistors

The search for alternative materials and architectures to realize efficient neuromorphic components is an area of intense research. Recent implementations include the use of phase change, nanoionics, and other metal–insulator transitions in thin films of chalcogenides and oxides to achieve brain-inspired functionality. My interest here lies in the use of photosensitive glasses as all-optical axons and synapses  for emerging all-optical brain-inspired neuromorphic computing applications.

Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(5), 635-641 (2015)

Science 336, 1515–1516 (2012)

European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2015)

Optoelectronic switching phenomena


Optoelectronic Switching phenomena

Future network architectures require a new generation of adaptable integrated nanophotonic devices which are capable of functions such as optical and electronic switching and mode (de)multiplexing. My research here concentrates on optoelectronic switching phenomena such as phase change, photodarkening and nano-ionic effects as a means for data storage, multiplexing or information processing. 

Nature Communications 5, 5346 (2014)

Physica Status Solidi B 250, 5, 994-998, (2013)

Electron. Lett. 47, 288 (2011)

Applied Physics Letters 105(8), 083506 (2014)

NPG Asia Materials (2018) 10: 533-539

GeSb nanowire phase change electronic data storage (PCRAM)